Geographical Variations are the variation in the geography of the Everest region and can be categorized into three levels:
Recommendations Highland mountains:
Geographical Variations are the Mahalangur and other Himalayan mountain ranges are located in this section. Mount Everest (8,848m), Lhotse (8,516m), Makalu (8,485m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Gyachung Kang (7,952m), Ama Dablam (6,856m), etc. are some of the world’s highest mountains in this range. These Himalayas are famous for expeditions and peak climbing trails.
Khumbu Region (Highland valley):
Khumbu valley is the highland region which is worldwide famous for trekking and hiking. Kulung and Sherpa are the main inhabitants of this region. Villages like Namche, Tengboche, Gokyo, Dingboche, and Thame are the popular Sherpa villages in this region. As such, monasteries in Thame, Pangboche, and Tengboche are some of the illustrious monasteries in the entire Everest region. This region is covered with rhododendron and magnolia forests along with sub-alpine vegetation.
Solu Region (Mid-hills):
Lower Solukhumbu is part of the Mid-hills region and is also known as the Rolwaling region. Sherpas are the main inhabitants of this region. Salleri, Chaulakharka, Salyan, Kangel, Sontag, etc. are the popular stops on the trips in lower Solukhumbu. Pikey Peak (4068m) which is one of the finest vantage points also lies in this region.
Everest Region features a wide range of topographical diversity which reaches to the top of the majestic Mt. Everest standing up to an altitude of 8848m. As such, these massive land elevation differences spark further diversity in climate, ecosystem, and the residing civilization. Having such geographical diversity offers numerous trails for trekking and mountaineering ventures.
Geographical Variations are that Nepal is naturally and culturally exquisite and boasts a fantastic set of breathtaking natural diversity strongly backed by the ever-harmonizing communal bonds among many ethnic groups.
The Himalayas like Mt. Machhapuchhre (6997m), Annapurna South (7219m), Hiunchuli (6441m), Gangapurna (7454m), Nilgiri (7061m), and Chulu (6429m) decorate the Annapurna region. Similarly, the region also boasts the Thorung La Pass (5416m) – one of the biggest passes in the world, Tilicho Lake (4920m) – the highest lake in the world, and the Kali Gandaki Gorge- the deepest gorge in the world.
Apart from the astounding natural landmarks, the Annapurna region also has a great number of cultural attractions. While Gurung and Magar reside in the southern parts of the region, the northern parts are inhabited by Manangi, Tibetan, and Thakali communities. Ghandruk, Tadapani, and Ghorepani are famous for the display of unique Gurung culture. Likewise, Pisang, Manang, and Khangsar brim with Tibetan culture and Buddhist influence. The discreet Nar Phu Valley and Muktinath are also some of the major cultural attractions in the region.
Along with the warmth of the Gurung and Thakali communities, this region houses Mt. Annapurna I (8091m) – the tenth highest mountain in the world. Annapurna Conservation Area is an unforgettable element of this region, stretching to Annapurna Sanctuary and encompassing the humongous Annapurna massifs. Additionally, the conservation area is also home to endangered wildlife like snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetan argali, and Tibetan wolf along with many other floral species. Mountaineering is a long carried culture stemming from this region with the Annapurna I (8091m) being the first-ever climbed peak of Nepal.
The Langtang region lies between the Ganesh and the Gaurishankar Himal ranges. Likewise, the Langtang Lirung (7227m) and its neighbouring Himalayas form a majestic landmark in the northernmost part of the region. As such, lush hills and river valleys form most parts of the region. Thus, there are many travel and adventure activities like trekking, peak climbing, expedition, white river rafting, and Heli tours available in the Langtang region.
The Gosainkunda Lake, a major constituent of Hindu pilgrimage also lies within the region at an altitude of 4,480 m. There are over a dozen of other lakes around Gosainkunda including Bhairav Kunda and Saraswati Kunda. These lakes form a lake system which is esteemed by both Hindu and Buddhist followers. Likewise, the Helambu Valley to the southeastern part of the region grants access to authentic and unique Sherpa culture and traditions.
The Langtang Lirung (7227m) and Langtang Ri (6596m) are the scenic centrepieces of the region. Apart from massive peaks adorning the northern border of the region, the Langtang National Park is the key element that brings everything together.
The Qomolangma National Nature Preserve in Tibet is also linked with the national park on the north and eastern border of the park. The park contains a wide variety of climatic zones, from subtropical to alpine and exhibits a high diversity of 14 vegetation types in 18 ecosystem types. Trees include deciduous oak and maple, evergreens like pine, and various types of rhododendron. Animal life includes the Himalayan black bear, the goat-like Himalayan Thar, rhesus monkeys, and red pandas. If not already mystical, the park also contains circulated stories of Yeti sightings. Lastly, Langtang Lirung (7227m) is one of the most famous expeditions in entire Nepal.
The Manaslu Conservation Area stands as the guardian of the flora and fauna and covers the major parts of the region. This conservation area is a sanctuary for many endangered animals, including snow leopards and Red pandas. Other mammals include lynx, Asian black bear, grey wolf, Assam macaque, Himalayan musk deer, blue sheep, and Himalayan Thar. The trips in this region start from Arughat and gradually head north towards the foothills of the Shringi and Mansiri Himalayan ranges. Likewise, there are numerous other attractions in the region which captivate thousands of travellers every year. The Manaslu Base Camp (4400m) and the Birendra Lake are the famous landmarks in this region. Larkya La Pass towering at 5160m, is an ideal vantage point to relish the sights of the majestic Mt. Himalchuli (7893m), Mt. Himlung (7126m), and Mt. Manaslu (8163m).
The ethnic communities in the region are prominently the Tsum and Nubri, both of which have inherited ancient culture and traditions to date. The central area is inhabited by the Gurung while the area near the Tibetan border is inhabited by the Sherpas. While most of the trekking trails in this region pass through the villages of Nubri communities like Lho, Sho, and Samagaon, the Tsum valley is largely unexplored. Mu Gompa and Rachen Gompa are the esteemed religious hubs in the Tsum Valley. As such, Pung Gyan Gompa, Ribung Gompa, and Namla Gompa are the major religious shrines located elsewhere in the region.